What is a Compromised Airway and how do we correct it?
The airway starts from the nostrils and continues until the lungs. There are several conditions that can result in blockages or an obstruction in the airway. This is the compromised airway. Corrective surgeries for the compromised airway include procedures involving the nose, back of the mouth and the voice box extending down to the trachea.
There are several types of airway corrective surgeries for stenosis of the larynx and the trachea. Broadly they can be divided into 2 types:
- Endoscopic procedures – these are minimal invasive procedures done with the help of advanced highly modern optical devices.
In this technique, special endoscopes are passed either through the mouth or nose and advanced to visualize the entire aero-digestive tract. Endoscopy of the nose is called rhinoscopy and when involving the voice box, it is referred to as laryngoscopy. The larynx can be visualized using optical endoscopes and the microscope. Tracheo-broncho-esophagoscopy includes visualization of the lower airway (trachea and bronchi) and the food pipe (oesophagus).