Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal problem with poorly understood causes. The disease exists in two different ways: it may have a negative impact on fertility due to the absence of ovulation and it may equally be related to metabolic disturbances, which sometimes lead to problems such as excess weight, type II diabetes, high blood pressure or even high cholesterol levels.
Polycystic ovary syndrome presents a combination of different symptoms, which may lead women to consult a doctor: infertility, hair loss, excessive hairiness, acne or even problems such as obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.
The syndrome is most often associated with long and very irregular periods (sometimes without ovulation), increased hairiness as well as morphological characteristics of the ovaries revealed during an ultrasound scan.
Doctors perform a clinical examination, measure hormone concentrations in the blood and perform a pelvic ultrasound scan.
Treatment is based on a holistic approach. The medicines given are aimed at preventing the development of metabolic diseases, reducing the symptoms (hair loss, increased hairiness, acne, etc.), and inducing ovulation if the patient wishes to have a child. If the patient is overweight, the help of a dietician is required to allow complete reestablishment of reproductive functions.